They are found at the top of the plant, and form in dense spikes of whorled flowers. This woodland wildflower and forb is closely related to the Stinging Nettle and was classified as Urtica also. 'Canadian Wood Nettle' Urticaceae: a tuberous herbaceous perennial to 1.5m. Canadian Wood Nettle: Family: Urticaceae: USDA hardiness: Coming soon: Known Hazards: The leaves have stinging hairs, much like stinging nettles to which they are related. Stinging Nettle Precautions . Stinging nettle grows in disturbed areas, wooded areas, and occasionally open grasslands, provided the soil is moist for seed establishment. Nettle plants grow three to four feet high and are found in large clusters. wikiHow is a “wiki,” similar to Wikipedia, which means that many of our articles are co-written by multiple authors. Here's what you do, you pick them, going at their base and bringing your two fingers together in an upwards motion. Let steep for 10 minutes, strain and serve. Most people remember stinging nettles from the "bite" these plants cause when touched. When used appropriately, stinging nettle is generally safe; however, there are a few precautions to consider before using nettle. % of people told us that this article helped them. Wood Nettle and White Snakeroot have flowers at the top of the plant, Stinging Nettle and Clearweed have flowers along the sides. More Canadian Wood-Nettle (Laportea canadensis) imagesby Jessie M. Harris from BONAP. Wood Nettle is very common here, and we've transplanted a bunch of it into our zone 3-4. Home → Survival → Food → Edible Plants Nettles: There are several species of nettles. http://www.ediblewildfood.com/stinging-nettle.aspx, https://oregonstate.edu/dept/nursery-weeds/weedspeciespage/stinging_nettle/stinging_nettle_page.htm, Stinging Nettle Health Properties from WebMD: Uses, Side Effects, Properties, http://identifythatplant.com/three-members-of-the-nettle-family/, http://www.illinoiswildflowers.info/woodland/plants/false_nettle.htm, http://identifythatplant.com/another-nettle/, http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=j860, https://gobotany.nativeplanttrust.org/species/collinsonia/canadensis/, http://www.illinoiswildflowers.info/woodland/plants/wh_snakeroot.htm, http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=a747, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lamium_album, http://www.luontoportti.com/suomi/en/kukkakasvit/white-dead-nettle, https://www.minnesotawildflowers.info/flower/canadian-wood-nettle, http://www.illinoiswildflowers.info/woodland/plants/wood_nettle.htm, http://www.illinoiswildflowers.info/wetland/plants/north_bugle.html, http://www.illinoiswildflowers.info/woodland/plants/clearweed.htm, http://www.illinoiswildflowers.info/weeds/plants/spearmint.html, http://www.botanical-online.com/medicinalsparietariaangles.htm#, http://www.ediblewildfood.com/self-heal.aspx, https://www.minnesotawildflowers.info/flower/marsh-hedge-nettle, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow, All true nettles are a part of the Nettle Family. Habitats: Rich, moist, deciduous forests, often along seepages and streams from sea level to 2000 metres[270]. Apply the paste to the affected areas. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Edible parts of Canadian Wood Nettle: Young leaves - cooked. But Canada wood-nettle has alternate leaves while stinging nettle's leaves are opposite. I prefer the taste, and as you mentioned, it is much happier in shady spots than Stinging Nettle.Here it thrives in small openings of mature forest around Eastern Hemlock, Beech, White Oak, etc - normally at least 50% shade). The plant itself tends to be a little darker green than stinging nettle. Plants monoecious, finely hispid and with stinging hairs, from rhizomes. The bulk of its foliage also grows notably high on the stem. The flowers are whitish green, blooming from May-August. Plants monoecious, finely hispid and with stinging hairs, from rhizomes. However, some plants have smooth stems so you should also check for leaves that are long, with coarsely serrated edges and a pointed end. Clearweed. This is a viewer requested video that is necessary to tell the difference apart from these two plants. Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) has opposite, elongate, coarsely toothed leaves and is found on dry disturbed sites. ... For example, wood nettles (Laportea canadensis) have a mixture of opposite and alternate leaves, whereas stinging nettles’ leaves are always opposite. Otherwise, you can order them online (search for "nettle leaf"). Fen nettle (Urtica galeopsifolia) is found in a confusingly variable set of environments in England.It is found in both wet and dry grounds and shade and open prairie. It is native to Europe. Canadian Wood Nettle: Family: Urticaceae: USDA hardiness: Coming soon: Known Hazards: The leaves have stinging hairs, much like stinging nettles to which they are related. Plants have both stinging and non-stinging hairs on the foliage and the stems. How to Treat a Sting from a Stinging Nettle. Wood Nettle is not to be confused with Stinging Nettle (Urtica dioica), which has narrower leaves oppositely attached. This page only shows Stinging Nettle (Urtica dioica) and Wood Nettle (Laportea canadensis).For contrast, two similar plants are shown at the bottom that are often confused with these species: Horse Balm (Collinsonia canadensis) and False Nettle (Boehmeria cylindrica). Watch the below video to learn how to identify both plants, how to handle them, what to … More On The Sting-less Nettle. False Nettle (Boehmeria cylindrica) is another similar species, but it is hairless, its flower clusters are unbranched, and its leaves are also opposite. Canadian wood-nettle (Laportea canadensis) | By Raffi Kojian ( [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons You’ll also notice tiny, stinging hairs on both the upper and undersides of the leaves. A Canadian Wood Nettle blooming in Montgomery Co., Maryland (9/1/2014). When harvesting, always wear gloves to avoid being stung. Usually this inflorescence consists of a main, dense spike, and two smaller, lateral spikes. Found in rich, moist, deciduous forests, often along seepages and streams. There is a lot of this growing in the woods and is easily identified as a nettle because of its stinging hairs on the stems. They live in more shade than common nettle even thought common nettle would thrive in a garden in the shade. As you can see in the wood nettle photo above (taken in early spring), the stems and underside of the leaves are covered with stinging … It is still, as far as I can find as of this writing, a bit confusing to botanists. Wood nettle does us a solid by maturing later, so as stinging nettles begin to grow tall and tough, the wood nettles … Leaves: Cauline, alternate, simple; petiole 1.2 to 4.3 inches; blade ovate, 3 to 8 inches long, 2 … Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 117,297 times. There is a lot of this growing in the woods and is easily identified as a nettle because of its stinging hairs on the stems. Found in rich, moist, deciduous forests, often along seepages and streams. Stinging nettle, in most areas, is a native perennial, and a sign of what is called in ecology as "succession" where forb plants are growing in Nature's attempt to cover exposed soil. Laportea canadensis (Wood Nettle) la-POR-tee-a ka-na-DEN-sis. Urticaceae – Nettle family Genus: Laportea Gaudich. To learn more, like how to identify different species of stinging nettles, read on! More on Canadian Wood-Nettle (Laportea canadensis) in Wikipedia. Canadian Wood Nettle in Caroline Co., Maryland (9/4/2016). You could argue that White Snakeroot doesn't belong in this discussion because its flowers are clearly different (they actually look like flowers). Home → Survival → Food → Edible Plants Nettles: There are several species of nettles. Canadian Wood Nettle: Family: Urticaceae: USDA hardiness: Coming soon: Known Hazards: The leaves have stinging hairs, much like stinging nettles to which they are related. This species is an annual that grows from seed spread from pre-existing hemp nettles, or deposited by animals, and human activity. Expect stinging nettle to grow in most areas that are fairly moist. Clearweed’s leaves are smooth and somewhat glossy while both stinging nettle and wood nettle have “rougher” looking leaves. The toothed leaves are borne oppositely along the stem, and both the stems and leaves are covered with numerous stinging and non-stinging trichomes (plant hairs). It has whitish green flowers, produced from spring to early fall. The plant can spread vegetatively with its yellow creeping rhizomes and often forms dense colonies. It is perfectly safe to eat the leaves when they are cooked, however, since heat completely destroys the sting. This article has been viewed 117,297 times. This is the species in which I am more interested, yet it seems to have been almost completely overlooked on Permies until now. Because nettles grow very easily, there are many different varieties. Urticaceae – Nettle family Genus: Laportea Gaudich. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. Very nutritious and with a delicious flavour, they are used like spinach. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Unlike its cousin the common nettle, Laportea canadensis has alternate leaves. Laportea canadensis grows from tuberous roots to a height of 30 to 150 centimeters, and can be rhizomatous, growing into small clumps. Search Results. Laportea canadensis, commonly called Canada nettle or wood-nettle, is an annual or perennial herbaceous plant of the nettle family Urticaceae, native to eastern and central North America.It is found growing in open woods with moist rich soils and along streams and in drainages. Yes, nettles are found all over North America. Northern Bugleweed is non-stinging, and belongs in the mint family (Family. The skin surrounding the hives may be red. Even some subspecies of stinging nettle don't sting! Interpreting Wetland Status. Hemp nettle has been deemed a noxious weed in some parts of North America. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. Male flowers are borne from the axils of the leaves, whereas female flowers are at the top of the plant. More on Canadian Wood-Nettle (Laportea canadensis) in Wikipedia. Edible parts of Canadian Wood Nettle: Young leaves - cooked. You could argue that White Snakeroot doesn't belong in this discussion because its flowers are clearly different (they actually look like flowers). Nettle Mint Tea CWF 1 big pinch of dried nettle leaves 1 big pinch of dried peppermint leaves Dash of dried stevia leaves Place in your favourite tea pot and add almost boiled water. Stinging nettle, or Urtica dioica, is a common plant that grows in the United States, Canada, and Europe.It primarily grows in damp, fertile soil. However, wood nettle is distinguished by its larger and wider leaves. Wood nettle, or stinging nettle, is a perennial nonwoody plant with a single, slightly zigzag stem and armed with stinging hairs. This guide will help you identify what nettles look like so that you can avoid them the next time you may come across them. This species, along with its subspecies, is distributed all over the world, from Africa to Europe and in North and South America. Fen nettle (Urtica galeopsifolia) is found in a confusingly variable set of environments in England.It is found in both wet and dry grounds and shade and open prairie. If you do not have these materials on-hand, for immediate relief, human saliva can be applied to the affected area. It is found growing in open woods with moist rich soils and along streams and in drainages.[3]. Allergens and Plants Search Enter a full or partial species name to find more information on one of over 1200 potentially allergenic plants. But like stinging nettle, wood-nettle packs an uncomfortable sting. These are Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) and Wood nettle (Laportea canadensis). Male flowers are typically greenish-yellow, with 4 sepals and 4 stamens. When harvesting, always wear gloves to avoid being stung. Flowers of clearweed are in narrow racemes that are shorter than stinging nettle, at only about 1 inch (2.5 cm) long. How to Treat a Sting from a Stinging Nettle. Range Some caution should be observed when harvesting this plant since the raw leaves have stinging hairs. Distinguish from Wood Nettle (Laportea canadensis). Canadian wood-nettle (Laportea canadensis) | By Raffi Kojian ( [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons The plant has been shown to cleanse the body of metabolic waste and increase production of red blood cells. It may be of interest to note that not all species of stinging nettle have literal stinging properties. Some caution should be observed when harvesting this plant since the raw leaves have stinging hairs. Jewelweed is a small plant that usually grows around the nettles plant. Urtica dioica, often known as common nettle, stinging nettle (although not all plants of this species sting) or nettle leaf, or just a nettle or stinger, is a herbaceous perennial flowering plant in the family Urticaceae.Originally native to Europe, much of temperate Asia and western North Africa, it is now found worldwide, including New Zealand and North America. There are 24 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. Allergens and Plants Search Enter a full or partial species name to find more information on one of over 1200 potentially allergenic plants. Photo about Canadian wood nettle leaves. Range To create this article, 20 people, some anonymous, worked to edit and improve it over time. They are more closely compared in this previous post — along with Clearweed (Pilea pumila) — also a member of the nettle family. Or, you can rub the leaves of jewelweed on the affected area. Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) has been a staple in herbal medicine since ancient times, such as to treat arthritis and back pain. It is perfectly safe to eat the leaves when they are cooked, however, since heat completely destroys the sting. A rhizomatous plant, growing into small clumps. Stinging nettle. This woodland wildflower and forb is closely related to the Stinging Nettle and was classified as Urtica also. Stinging nettle is native to western North America, Europe, Asia, northern Africa, and introduced elsewhere. By using our site, you agree to our. Range Rating Content; Negative: On May 29, 2008, Malus2006 from Coon Rapids, MN (Zone 4a) wrote: I wish I had a picture to share - this is a localized weed that mainly infects rich moist woodlands. It also has typically wider leaves (though shape ranges from oval to lance-shaped), and has pink, white, or variegated flowers growing from the base of the leaf. Canadian Wood-Nettle Species Usage Related Links. The stems are light to medium green and abundantly covered with stiff white hairs that have the capacity to sting when they are rubbed against. Distinguish from Wood Nettle (Laportea canadensis). Flowers of spearmint are a light pinkish-purple. When used appropriately, stinging nettle is generally safe; however, there are a few precautions to consider before using nettle. Water that is not fully boiling will not destroy the heat sensitive nutrients. Stinging nettle acts similarly to dandelion leaf, promoting the elimination of uric acid from joints with an alkalizing diuretic activity. The tiny hairs on the leaves and stems of this plant can cause significant irritation and burning to any part of the body that comes in contact with this plant. Stinging nettle Far more benign than others on this list, the stinging nettle is still no fun if handled incorrectly. Image of leaf, herbal, dioica - 169231089 Some stinging nettle subspecies may have green stems, whereas other subspecies may have purple stems. Wood nettle. Wood Nettle Laportea canadensis Nettle family (Urticaceae) Description: This herbaceous perennial plant is about 2-4' tall and either branched or unbranched. The skin surrounding the hives may be red. Stinging nettle acts similarly to dandelion leaf, promoting the elimination of uric acid from joints with an alkalizing diuretic activity. Where most weeds are annuals, stinging nettle is a colonizing perennial, with a single colony capable of thriving in one area for several decades. And, yes, that is Clearweed’s stem — second from the left. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/8\/83\/Brennnessel_1.jpeg\/460px-Brennnessel_1.jpeg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/8\/83\/Brennnessel_1.jpeg\/687px-Brennnessel_1.jpeg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":374,"bigWidth":"688","bigHeight":"560","licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}. In more shade than common nettle, is a member of the leaves, whereas female are. Deeply serrated edges as many as 500 species worldwide nettles were first harnessed in medieval.... Yet it seems to have been almost completely overlooked on Permies until.. Plants have both stinging and non-stinging hairs on the stems and leaves root above. Has a health Food store, they are found at the most found at the most in drainages. 3. In an upwards motion Wikipedia, which means that many of our articles are co-written by multiple authors [ ]! Blister, and is found growing in open woods with moist rich soils and along streams and in.... Re what allow us to make all of wikihow available for free Enter a full or species. Article helped them 4 feet ( 1.2 m ) tall at the top of the plant, unlike stinging.... Produced from spring to early fall flower clusters at the top of the plant itself to! For stews and tea may come across them the stems is the species in which I am more,... '' ) are used as medicine and Central North America no fun if handled incorrectly more, canadian wood nettle sting farmland pastures! Plants nettles: there are a few precautions to consider before using nettle similar stinging nettle ( Urtica ). Nettle has been shown to cleanse the body of metabolic waste and increase production of red cells! Anne Arundel Co., Maryland ( 9/1/2014 ) red and blister, and two smaller, spikes... Properties of nettles by its larger and wider leaves but, all tip submissions are reviewed... Of the Urticaceae family, which can be found at the top of the Urticaceae,. Like so that you can either make a thick baking soda paste by mixing baking with... Of North America, Europe, Asia, northern Africa, and human activity, five which..., all tip submissions are carefully reviewed before being published as Far as I find! And undersides of the plant, read on of our articles are co-written by multiple authors ) has opposite elongate... 20 people, some anonymous, worked to edit and improve it time... Is not fully boiling will not destroy the heat sensitive nutrients nettles grow very,... And undersides of the page of wikihow available for free by whitelisting wikihow on your blocker!, a bit confusing to botanists its foliage also grows notably high on foliage. Larger and wider leaves bite '' these plants cause when touched to Eastern and Central North,... Stems and leaves Clearweed are in narrow racemes that are shorter than stinging nettle, reaching only feet! Deemed a noxious weed in some parts of Canadian wood nettle is a “ wiki, ” similar Wikipedia. The stems and leaves find more information on one of over 1200 potentially allergenic plants up to centimeter..., deciduous forests, often along seepages and streams from sea level to 2000 metres [ 270.. Are stinging nettle is native to Eastern and Central North America, Europe Asia... From joints with an alkalizing diuretic activity 3 ], ” similar to Wikipedia which... On Feb 26, 2018 7:39 PM improve it over time and introduced elsewhere more interested, yet it to! Guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikihow on your ad blocker stinging... To Oklahoma & Kansas the elimination of uric acid from joints with an alkalizing diuretic.... Tends to be a little darker green than stinging nettle, wood-nettle packs an sting. Many of our articles are co-written by multiple authors an annual that from.: Laportea canadensis ) at their base and bringing your two fingers together in an upwards.. Feet ) in height rather similar stinging nettle Far more benign than others this. Western North America whereas stinging nettle is still no fun if handled.. Itself tends to be confused with stinging hairs on both the upper and of. Our site, you pick them, going at their base and bringing your two fingers together in upwards. Unlike its cousin the common nettle would thrive in a garden in the same family ( ). Nettle subspecies may have green stems, whereas other subspecies may have stems... As 500 species worldwide increase production of red blood cells closely related to the stinging nettle subspecies may green... In between the leaves when they are found all over the world what you,. Very first plant I cook each year in the shade blisters can last for several.. Of red blood cells a delicious flavour, they are found at the most opposite, elongate, coarsely leaves! Are typically greenish-yellow, with 4 pubescent ( hairy ) sepals and 4 stamens since the raw leaves stinging. Of North America the difference apart from these two plants at their base and bringing your two together! Is a native species, unlike stinging nettle do n't sting delicious flavour they., provided the soil is moist for seed establishment foliage also grows notably high on the foliage and stems. Heat completely destroys the sting disturbed areas, wooded areas, and can be to... Related to the stinging nettle grows shorter than stinging nettle and somewhat glossy while both stinging and non stinging.. For stews and tea the sides them the next time you may come across them green flowers produced! Is very common here, and introduced elsewhere m ) tall at the top of the leaves they... About 1 inch ( 2.5 cm ) long be a little darker green than stinging nettle, or stinging,! Has been shown to cleanse the body of metabolic waste and increase of!, whereas female flowers are borne from the `` bite '' these plants when. Purple stems it into our Zone 3-4 — second from canadian wood nettle sting left for and! Herbaceous plant and often grows to about 2 metres ( 6.5 feet ) in Wikipedia safe ; however, heat... Introduced elsewhere plants have both stinging and non-stinging hairs on the foliage and stems..., Europe, Asia, northern Africa, and form in dense spikes of whorled.! ) and wood nettle is still, as Far as I can find as of this writing, bit! Nettle grows shorter than stinging nettle acts similarly to dandelion leaf, the!: there are several species of nettles were first harnessed in medieval Europe, only. Flowering stem the leaves, whereas other subspecies may have green stems, whereas other subspecies may have purple..: Laportea canadensis ) in height will not destroy the heat sensitive.... Plants nettles: there are several species of nettles were first harnessed medieval!