Flaying: Cut skin-along middle line from sticking wound to tail Skin brisket & flanks, working backwards toward the round – with long strokes & keeping knife up to prevent cuts Skin udders-without puncturing glandular tissue Raise the carcass: half-hoist position shoulders resting on cradle & rump at good height. The slaughtering method of animals is common to Judaism and Islam in terms of cutting the neck and avoiding cutting the spinal cord of animal at the beginning of slaughter [10]. The Slaughterer The Animal Slaughtered Tools and Equipment of Slaughterer The Slaughtering Process For ratites (emus, rheas and ostriches), if hooded, this will require increased amperage for an effective stun, a means/protocol to validate effective stunning parameters, the electrical stunning equipment is maintained and cleaned, as stated in the licence holder's written PCP and the manufacturer's specifications, in cases where the manufacturer's recommendations are not used, documentation to explain the rationale for the alternate approach should be developed and maintained, the voltage and amperage are monitored and recorded throughout the shift, the length of time of the current is applied is measured, safeguards that the equipment does not deliver any shock before stunning occurs, requirements that the electrodes are always positioned to span the brain and never on the bird's neck or beak, requirements that the stun-to-stick interval should not exceed 15 seconds, requirements for a backup stunning equipment to be available and properly functional, undersized birds should not be hung, unless they can be effectively stunned by the water bath with the proper adjustments of the equipment, these undersized birds or runts should be humanely killed by an appropriate method if they cannot be effectively stunned. Slaughter houses have no such ethical basis for their methods. University, Signs of effective stun include ataxia, loss of posture and wing flapping from tonic/clonic convulsions caused by the anoxia. basic slaughtering process; meat processing. Ritual slaughter is performed by a throat cut, which severs all soft tissues of the throat (muscles, blood vessels, esophagus, trachea, nerves) without preslaughter stunning. All cattle killed in Australian abattoirs are restrained upright and stunned during slaughter, including tho… Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. The pre-stun facilities in lairage, including gondolas and automated gates to move the pigs, and the stunning chambers, pit, in addition to the post-stun facilities, should be specifically designed: for CAS stunning and for the size and weight of pigs, to avoid injury, overcrowding or unnecessary stress, to continuously measure and display the gas concentration at induction and at the point of maximum gas concentration, the time of exposure should also be displayed or indicated, so animals can be visually monitored during the induction phase for any behaviour indicating distress from adverseness to the inhaled gas (agitation and escaping behaviour), so animals can be accessed if the conveyance system fails, taking into account personnel safety, so the adjacent work area is equipped with gas-measuring equipment that continuously measure and display the gas concentrations, to provide a visible and audible warning to staff, if the gases used in stunning exceed the maximum allowed in the surrounding work area, so the concentration of gases in the work area do not exceed those permitted under provincial and/or federal OSH requirements, it is recommended to use the gondola group system for pit type of gas stunning systems since pigs are generally calmer when stunned in groups than when moved in single file to the stunner, a protocol for animal handling to be carried out by competent employees during pre-stun to minimize stress, the gas concentrations and time of exposure are documented in the PCP and selected to minimize the stress of induction of anesthesia, gas mixtures and methods that used are those proven to be effective and humane. When the current passes through heart as well, either simultaneously or sequentially, this can cause cardiac fibrillation with subsequent cardiac arrest and death. The electrodes, whether hand-held or automated (multiple bird systems) must still span the brain to produce an effective stun. stunning, shutting, electrical shock…etc., are hindering the bleeding process. This Act requires the proper treatment and humane handling of all food animals slaughtered in USDA inspected slaughter plants. conventional methods of slaughtering used in the western countries, i.e. Equipment that is designed for a single point contact with the head or neck (for example, an electric knife) may not produce an effective stun; there is the risk that it will only immobilize (paralyze) the bird without inducing unconsciousness. Animals that are electroimmobilized look virtually the same as those that are effectively stunned. In Australia approximately 32 million sheep and 8 million cattle are killed in abattoirs each year for human consumption (both domestic and export). Some reasons for this include higher resistance from an individual bird or the bird's incorrect positioning when presented to the source of electricity. Abstract. The licence holder's written animal welfare PCP for the captive bolt stunning equipment should include the following preventive measures, procedures and information: equipment operators are trained and competent to use the equipment and are able to monitor the signs of an effective stun for each animal. Sheep Removal of pelt 1. The Humane Slaughter Act, or the Humane Methods of Livestock Slaughter Act (P.L. A transverse incision of the neck is a common method of bleeding sheep. For example, this can occur if a bird swan necks and another body part makes contact with the electrified waterbath first for electrical waterbath stunners and therefore the brain is bypassed with no resulting epileptic seizure. The definitely conscious will be clearly distinguishable from the definitely unconsciousness (including brain dead) by observation of well documented signs associated with these states. 1. initial tonic phase of the seizure includes: constant rapid body and wing tremors immediately after stunning, rigidly extended legs (may be difficult to see in shackles), may have petit mal body convulsions including non-intentional wing flapping after rapid body tremors have stopped, rhythmic breathing (check cloaca for movements to indicate breathing), swallowing reflex (deglutition reflex), manifested as beak movements after stunning (from water entering mouth) and after cutting (from blood entering the mouth), shaking of head during cutting and bleeding from blood entering nares (intentional body movement), vigorous wing flapping (intentional body movement), return of tension in the neck after the limp phase, some types of current systems can have a relaxing or immobilizing effect on the neck ; in these cases the signs of return to sensibility after stunning can be masked, response to pain, such as neck cutting, can be an arc-reflex involving spinal neural pathways only and is not a reliable indicator for sensibility; it must evaluated with other signs and what electrical parameters are used to stun the bird, loss of rhythmic breathing (check cloaca for movement to indicate rhythmic breathing), rigidly extended legs (more difficult to see when shackled), vigorous involuntary flapping and severe convulsions, absence of a third eyelid (nictitating membrane) movement and other eye movements and reflexes, response to pain, such as neck cutting can be an arc-reflex involving spinal neural pathways only is not a reliable indicator for sensibility; it must evaluated with other signs, such as whether the head is floppy, loss of posture, muscle tone, relaxed, limp body, no rhythmic breathing (check cloaca for movement to indicate rhythmic breathing), absence of third eyelid (nictitating membrane) reflex or spontaneous blinking, blinking (third eyelid) and third eyelid reflex, the outcome of effective cutting and bleeding of all food animals is to result in death through exsanguination of the animal with all methods of stunning, especially if there is any potential for the stunning to be reversible, this ensures the animal will not regain consciousness during further dressing procedures, stunned animals are bled out as soon as possible and remain insensible until death, the time between effective stun and effective stick is kept to a minimum. licence holder has demonstrated that no other means of stunning is practical or works as well: for example, for horses, firearms may give a better stun than captive bolt stunning, depending on stun pen layout, horse temperament and nature, equipment operators are trained and competent to use the equipment and recognize the signs of an effective stun, caliber and range are suitable for the species and class of animal, the ammunition selected for the species and body type to be slaughtered provides effective stunning while minimizing over-penetration or the effects of misdirected bullets or ricochet, ammunition is stored in a clean dry area and has not aged excessively, the firearm is cleaned and maintained and stored to ensure it functions effectively, a bullet proof barrier between the stunning area and the kill floor to protect people from the effects of misdirected bullets, slugs, or ricochet, remote viewing to allow monitoring of stun efficacy and bleed-rail insensibility with protection from the effects of misdirected bullets or ricochet, a visible warning system to indicate when firearms are being discharged, back-up stunning equipment, readily available. , depilate have adopted the principle of a two-stage process for the part. 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2020 types of slaughtering methods